Examples


The following are just some of the ‘real world’ examples of data releases and service developments that illustrate the Use Cases detailed in the Guide to open bibliographic Data. For further examples http://ckan.net/tag/library is a good starting point.
Use case
Example
Example URL
01. Publish data for unspecified useThe Open Library is a project attempting to establish a web page for every book ever published. Data is offered via the web interface, via an API and by direct download of entire catalogue. It should be noted that although described as ‘open’ there is no specific license applied, and the status of the data is very unclearhttp://openlibrary.org
01. Publish data for unspecified useCERN has released all of its library catalogue records under a Public Domain Dedication License and CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) Licensehttp://ckan.net/package/cern-library-bibliographic-data
01. Publish data for unspecified useThe University and City Libraries of Cologne (Köln) have released their library catalogue records under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) Licensehttp://ckan.net/package/usbkoeln-library-data
01. Publish data for unspecified useThe University of Ghent has released its library catalogue records under a Open Data Commons Open Database Licensehttp://ckan.net/package/ugent_catalog
01. Publish data for unspecified useCambridge University Library has made a set of bibliographic data under an open license (ODC PDDL)http://openbiblio.net/2010/10/05/jisc-openbibliography-cul-data-release/
01. Publish data for unspecified useUniversity of Konstanz (bulk download as MARC21), licensed CC0.https://wiki.bsz-bw.de/doku.php?id=v-team:daten:openaccess:knub
01. Publish data for unspecified useUniversity of Lincoln make a variety of bibliographic data available via an API. Data is licensed openly (mostly CC0, some CC-BY) and available in a variety of formatshttp://data.lincoln.ac.uk/documentation.html#bib
02. Publish open Linked Data for unspecified useLibris, the joint catalogue of the Swedish academic and research librarieshttp://libris.kb.se/
02. Publish open Linked Data for unspecified useThe National Széchényi Library cataloguehttp://nektar1.oszk.hu/librivision_eng.html
02. Publish open Linked Data for unspecified useFreebase is an open, Creative Commons licensed repository of structured data of more than 12 million entities. It contains information on over 3.4 million book editions (1.3 million derived from Stanford University Library bibliographic data), over 2.4 million books (i.e. works) and over 500k authors. Freebase links between various entities such as books and their film/stage adaptations, Authors to their Wikipedia entries and publishers to their imprints. All information in Freebase is made available under a CC-BY (Creative Commons Attribution) License.http://www.freebase.com/view/book
02. Publish open Linked Data for unspecified useNorwegian personal name authorities. Available via SPARQL endpoint and bulk download. Data is licensed as ODC-PDDL.http://data.bibsys.no/data/
02. Publish open Linked Data for unspecified useNorth Rhine-Westphalia Union Catalogue (HBZ) has released an Open Linked Data version of the Union Catalogue under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) License.https://wiki1.hbz-nrw.de/display/SEM/2010/08/31/Linked-Open-hbz-Data
02. Publish open Linked Data for unspecified useLibrary of Congress Subject Headings (available as bulk download or by visiting individual URIs). All data is stated as being 'public domain'.http://id.loc.gov/
02. Publish open Linked Data for unspecified useMARC Codes list for languages, geographic areas, countries and forms of musical composition. (available as bulk download or by visiting individual URIs). All data is stated as being 'public domain'.http://id.loc.gov/
02. Publish open Linked Data for unspecified useCambridge University Library has published 2.2 million records as Linked Data under an ODC-PDDL licensehttp://data.lib.cam.ac.uk/datasets.php
02. Publish open Linked Data for unspecified useThe Open University has published a series of data sets which includes records from their research repository and their library catalogue under a CC-BY licensehttp://data.open.ac.uk
04. Allow Physical Union Catalogue to publish dataWhere permission has been given the catalogues of the contributing libraries to the North Rhine-Westphalia Union Catalogue (HBZ) are made available as downloadable records by HBZ, under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) License. Libraries include:

  • Cologne University Library (USB) Catalog

  • Cologne University of Applied Sciences Library Catalog

  • Academy of Media Arts Cologne Library Catalog

  • Library Centre of Rhineland-Palatinate Catalog (LBZ), PLB Speyer

  • Library Centre of Rhineland-Palatinate Catalog (LBZ), RLB Koblenz

  • Library Centre of Rhineland-Palatinate Catalog (LBZ), BB Zweibrücken

  • Central Library of Sports Science of the German Sports University Cologne

  • RWTH Aachen University Library Catalog

  • University Library Dortmund

  • German National Library of Medicine

https://wiki1.hbz-nrw.de/display/SEM/Aktuelle+Open-Data-Exporte
06. Publish grey literature dataSchool of Electronics and Computer Science at University of Southampton make the metadata in their Eprints repository available as Open Linked Data under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) License.http://www.eprints.org/tech.php/12485.html
06. Publish grey literature dataUniversity of Ghent offer the contents of their Institutional Bibliography (via their repository) as both Open Linked data online and for download under a Open Data Commons Open Database Licensehttp://ckan.net/package/ugent_biblio
08. Publish activity dataEDINA has released data from the OpenURL Router under an ODC-PDDL license. The OpenURL Router is a service which captures OpenURL traffic from all institutions using the router in place of directing OpenURLs direct to their own URL.http://edina.ac.uk/projects/Using_OpenURL_Activity_data_summary.html
08. Publish activity dataUniversity of Huddersfield publish anonymised ‘activity data’ under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) License. This was used in the MOSAIC project by several demonstrators.

The University of Lincoln and Dundee University also contributed data to the same project.
http://library.hud.ac.uk/data/usagedata/_readme.html and http://library.hud.ac.uk/data/mosaic/
11. Share data for Collaborative CataloguingBiblios.net is a collaborative cataloguing service which offers all records under a Public Domain Dedication License. Libraries can add, update and download records from the site freely. Biblios.net includes data that has already been published as Open Bibliographic Datahttp://biblios.net
12. Supply data for Crowd Sourced CataloguingAll contributions by libraries to Open Library and Biblios.net fall under this Use Case.http://biblios.net

http://openlibrary.org
13. Supply data to be enhanced for own useLibraryThing offer a ‘Cover’ service, the ‘ThingISBN’ lookup (find equivalent editions via ISBN) and a ‘Common Knowledge’ service that exemplify this use case. However the ‘Covers’ are offered under a ‘fair use’ argument, and so are not specifically openly licensed. The ‘ThingISBN’ service is offered under a ‘non-commerical’ licence.  The ‘Common Knowledge’ is offered under a Common Knowledge Licence, which is equivalent to a CC-BY-SA (Creative Commons Attribution Share-alike) licence, with the specification that the acknowledgement must include a link back to LibraryThing where ever possible.http://www.librarything.com/services/
13. Supply data to be enhanced for own useThe Open Library is used commonly to provide cover images in catalogues. As stated above, the licensing around Open Library is unclear.http://openlibrary.org/developers/api
14. Publish data for LIS researchThe British Library offers the British National Bibliography [approx. 485,200 records as of 01/08/2011] as linked and open data under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) License. CC0 was adopted in response to feedback from researchers that CC-BY-NC-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike) License was too restrictive.
http://www.bl.uk/bibliographic/datafree.html
16. Publish data for lightweight application developmentBook Galaxy was the winner of the MOSAIC developer competition, which challenged developers to build applications using the MOSAIC data - essentially the University of Huddersfield data. Book Galaxy offers a graphical way of browsing a book collectionhttp://users.ecs.soton.ac.uk/ajp3g08/mosaicbookgalaxy/
16. Publish data for lightweight application developmentWarwickshire Libraries: New Releases was the winner of the Hack Warwickshire competition run by Warwickshire County Council. The competition challenged developers to build applications using a number of council owned data sets published under a CC-SA (Creative Commons Share-alike) licence, including an RSS feed of new books in Warwickshire librarieshttp://www.lewiswagner.me/project/library-hack/

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